Access, transparency, exposure, clarity of organization, lighting, and inclusion are six different ways, which have been used by Architects in creating new courts.
Design strategies related to public entry point and the facade can be observed in comparison with other strategies range. More specifically, articulation entry, entry-glance, and the creation of inviting entry, along with ensuring transparency inside-out, are the most frequently used strategies.
Other groupings include internal strategies (organizational clarity, illumination and inclusion as transparency), and external strategies (exposure, transparency). Interaction strategies also need to be defined and well-developed. For example, discussions on the articulation of entry are very detailed and specific. There are many references to a central atrium space or functional separation serving as agents of the organization.
The same can be said about the lighting and in a lesser extent for inclusion. Overall, cooperation strategies should be defined and well-developed compared with the strategies of internal or external. More specifically, all three interpretations of transparency and entry strategies related to design (articulation of entry, the entry visible and inviting entrance) seems to be in the details. Reducing the impact of imposing security at ports of entry is probably easier. Safety affects the provision of numerous traffic. The design of the court building is in the design flow, where public employee’s roads are allocated for security reasons. Design of multiple rotations to the public in such a scenario probably proves to be a very challenging task.
Cof public officials / social and celebrations in a security situation could prove to be a major area of conflict. Only an internal strategy that seems to have less conflict, is in the field of transparency as lighting. So it appears that some strategies that are more developed and detailed, are where designers experience a relatively conflict-free environment decision. Less implemented strategy should be those who experience conflict with security or economic considerations. In contemporary architecture, one will witness a growing focus on cooperation strategies, and in a lesser extent in the interior and external strategies to the courthouse.
Design of access points, inviting the public, extended the area with glass facade and roofs, will probably constitute the main point of departure from the designs of the previous courthouses.
Due to social, political, economic and technological factors , public areas has been changing. Public and governmental buildings are going through changes, to maintain the level of interaction of the elected government of a democratic society. Opening a relatively new construct, should represent the great momentum that difference.
Connectivity between spaces is a fundamental property of Court buildings and thus plays a key role in functionality and working properly the court system. We draw a distinction between visual connections, and paths that connect the physical movement of persons. Visual connections are necessary for orientation, and for creating a coherent picture of a building setting. Nevertheless, because they do not always coincide with paths and roads. The interdependence between visual connections and paths is highly complex, and will be treated in building with unity.
Supreme Court hast to work properly between Public and semi-Public space, the itself cases and the story behind the idea of justice has to be open and clear in front of society – the border between the inside and outside has to be invisible. Same rules have to be implemented also for interior spaces in order to have proper connectivity and smooth movement.
– Restoring the historical layer
– Different private / public layers
– Connection court / magistrate school
– Sustainability / sensibility towards nature
Restoring the historical layerA very important part of our vision consist in preserving the historical layer of the excising structure, restoring it where it is needed . The intervention will happen just in the interior part of the building with different ways of organizing the existing space, accommodating the new layout of the juridical administration.
Different private / public layers
One of the approaches consists in the separation and the connection of public and private, allowing the public to penetrate into the building (the principle of transparency and openness for the citizens), but also giving to the administration and to the school the needed privacy. The structure is divided into private (administration, offices, archives), interface (courtrooms) and public. Part of the public space are the open parks (greenery), waiting areas, canteens etc. The access and the movement is organized in order to provide this division of private/ public, achieving also the required security of the judges/defendants.
Connection court / magistrate school
The magistrate school is a new addition near the Supreme Court and its functions areconnected with the court, functioning as cooperating structures. The judges of the supreme court will provide their expertise, their knowledge and help for the new students of the magistrate school, meanwhile the new judges will help and work as assistance for the collegiums of judges. That’s why the two functions are positioned near each other and are connected. Also, the juridical administration can use the functions (canteen, library, auditorium) of the magistrate school.
Sustainability / sensibility towards nature
We are very sensitive towards nature and want to preserve the green elements of the area. The existing structure and park area are preserved, and the new building will be implemented semi-underground. The upper part of the new courtrooms will be covered in trees and greenery , allowing the light to enter the building, but having a low impact in nature. The light will enter through the patios, and the courtrooms will have artificial light and ventilation. This semi-underground structure is possible using the inclination of the terrain.
Supreme court administation
The existing building will be restored and all the administrative functions, juridical body offices, head of the supreme court,etc will be accomodated into this building. Two upper floors will serve as offices for the juridical body, allowing them more privacy from the public eye. The groung floor will accomodate the more public functions such as reception, library, waiting areas etc. Meanwhile the undergroung floor will serve for the archive, security sector, etc, bur also as a connection for the administrative building with the new court rooms. The building is a second category monument, so we will preserve the ouside building, bur there will be changes in the inside to distribute all the functions
It was impossible to accomodate all the required functions in the existing building, so we are adding an addition , that will serve as a more open and public building with conference rooms, canteen, library etc/ The existig building will serve as a space for the students, with classes, workshop rooms, study rooms etc. The two building are connected with brigdes with each other. In order to give more importance to the monumental building, also considering the fact that the building is in the middle of the park, we wanted to “hide” the new construction, so we are creating this iillusion with the facade: glass facade that is reflecting the surroundings.
According to the requirements, we are adding four different types of court rooms: civil, penal, administrative united college The penal court room requires high level of security, so we provided every necessary element such as separate entrances, high control, isolation rooms etc. The distribution of the entrances/fluxes is in such way that the administration/judges will never have direct contact with the public or the criminals. We decided to build the court rooms underground, being in such way less invasive in the surrounding nature, but providing very nice waiting areas for the public. Light is a very important element, allowing natural lighting inside the courts and giving the impression of something very monumental/ intimidating, the feeling that you have to create inside a court room
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